Computer Science 210
Data Structures

Fall 2018, Siena College

GenericPair BlueJ Project

Click here to download a BlueJ project for GenericPair.

GenericPair Source Code

The Java source code for GenericPair is below. Click on a file name to download it.

 * Example GenericPair: our pair structure, but now with type parameters
 * to enforce consistency of the usage of a given instance of the class.
 * Jim Teresco, The College of Saint Rose, CSC 523, Summer 2014
 * CSIS 210, Siena College, Fall 2016, Fall 2017

// First, notice that we now have "type parameters" after our class name.
// These tell us what kinds of objects we will use for the first (U), and
// second (V) values in our pair.
public class GenericPair<U,V> {

    // our instance variables will be the generic types U and V
    // which will be filled in with actual types when we create an
    // instance of the class, much like an actual parameter gives
    // a value to a formal parameter when a method is called.
    private U first;
    private V second;

    // our constructor for a new GenericPair
    // note that the formal parameter types are now
    // the U and V types
    public GenericPair(U first, V second) {

        this.first = first;
        this.second = second;

    // accessors, also now returning our generic types
    public U getFirst() {

        return first;

    public V getSecond() {

        return second;

    // mutators, including ones to set first, second, or both
    public void setFirst(U newFirst) {

        first = newFirst;

    public void setSecond(V newSecond) {

        second = newSecond;

    public void setValues(U newFirst, V newSecond) {

        first = newFirst;
        second = newSecond;

    // we should have a toString method - in this case, we'll return
    // a String to make this look like a coordinate pair, seems as
    // good as anything and likely to be useful in many contexts.
    // note that we are implcitly using the toString methods of the
    // objects we encapsulate
    public String toString() {

        return "(" + first + ", " + second + ")";

    // it's also good to define an equals method for any general purpose
    // class -- in this case, we'll say a GenericPair is equal to another
    // only if first and second are equal according to their own equals
    // methods
    public boolean equals(Object o) {

        GenericPair<U,V> other = (GenericPair<U,V>)o;
        return other.first.equals(first) && other.second.equals(second);

    // a common way to test a class is to include a main method
    // in the class that tests its methods.  So let's.
    public static void main(String args[]) {

        // we'll create a few GenericPair objects and print them out
        // note that we need to specify the actual types we
        // intend to use for the first and second now, and where
        // we want a primitive type, we must specify the "boxed"
        // equivalent object type
        GenericPair<String,Double> a = new GenericPair<String,Double>("Bob", 9.1);
        GenericPair<String,Double> b = new GenericPair<String,Double>("Alice", 0.0);
        System.out.println("a: " + a);
        System.out.println("b: " + b);
        // try out the accessors
        System.out.println("a.getFirst(): " + a.getFirst());
        System.out.println("a.getSecond(): " + a.getSecond());
        System.out.println("b.getFirst(): " + b.getFirst());
        System.out.println("b.getSecond(): " + b.getSecond());
        // are they equal?
        System.out.println("a.equals(b): " + a.equals(b));
        // mutators!
        b.setValues("Charlie", -23.5);
        System.out.println("a: " + a);
        System.out.println("b: " + b);
        // are they equal now?  Hope so!
        System.out.println("a.equals(b): " + a.equals(b));
        // and we can use other types too
        GenericPair<Integer,String> c = new GenericPair<Integer,String>(2, "Jeter");
        // uncomment the following to see what happens if we send
        // the wrong type of object to the equals method
        //System.out.println("a.equals(\"hi there\"): " + a.equals("high there"));